The following procedures are used in treating retinal tears or detachments:
Cryotherapy – the equivalent of spot welding the retinal tissue to the back layer of the eye.
Photocoagulation – a method using an argon laser. The high-intensity beam of light from the laser is converted into heat, which forces protein molecules in the affected tissue to condense and seal the tear.
Scleral Buckle: A flexible band is placed around the equator of the eye to balance out forces that pull the retina out of place. The ophthalmologist may drain the fluid from under the detached retina allowing the retina to return to its normal position against the back wall of the eye.
Pneumoretinopexy – is an outpatient procedure. A gas bubble is injected into the vitreous space inside the eye. This pushes the retinal tear back against the wall of the eye and closes the tear.